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Last Updated: 01/30/12 12:42:30 PM

Tuberculosis Program

Mission
The mission of the Tuberculosis (TB) Program is to reduce the incidence of TB by the aggressive management of newly diagnosed cases and extensive preventive treatment of those infected with TB.
 
Function
As the lead agency for TB prevention and control in Nevada, the Division of Public and Behavioral Health/TB Program:
  • provides leadership at the local, state and federal level to control TB in Nevada's diverse communities and institutions;
  • collects, analyzes and disseminates information on TB in Nevada;
  • develops and distributes fiscal resources to support TB control and prevention activities at the local level;
  • provides technical assistance, training and advocacy to various groups and organizations;
  • defines minimum standards for TB control and promotes adherence to those standards;
  • fosters collaboration and coordination among public and private organizations; and
  • functions in accordance with Nevada Department of Human Resources policies and procedures.
Educational Information
Trends and Statistics
Nevada reports approximately 100 newly diagnosed cases of TB disease each year, and consistently ranks among the top twenty states with the highest rates of TB.

Globally, at least one person is infected with TB per second, and someone dies of TB every ten seconds. Tuberculosis kills 2-3 million people each year, more than any other infectious disease in the world today. It is a bigger killer than malaria and AIDS combined. It kills 100,000 children each year. One-third of the world's population is infected with TB. It is estimated that between now and the year 2020, nearly one billion more people will be infected, 200 million people will get sick, and 70 million will die from TB, if control is not strengthened.

In 1998, 18,371 TB cases were reported in the United States, a decline of 7.46% from the 19,851 cases reported in 1997. This represents the sixth consecutive year that TB cases declined in the U.S., suggesting that the nation is recovering from the resurgence of TB that occurred in the mid-1980s and is back on track toward TB elimination. However, several areas of ongoing concern remain.

TB cases born outside of the U.S. comprised 32% of the 1998 cases. This is an increase from 23% in 1993. Of the 411 foreign-born cases reported in 1998, 34.8% were from Haiti, 10.5% were from Cuba, 6.1% were from Mexico, 4.1% were from Nicaragua, 3.9% were from the Philippines, 3.9% were from India, 3.6% were from Peru, and 3.4% were from Vietnam.

Proclamations
Brochures & Publications
  • Summary of TB in Nevada – 2010
     
  • TB Elimination: Now is the Time!
    Susanne Paulson
    TB Program Coordinator

     
    T
    uberculosis (TB) is an airborne infectious disease that is preventable and curable.  People ill with TB bacteria in their lungs can infect others when they cough. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that one third of the world's population is infected with TB, but the disease lies dormant or inactive in most people and is called Latent TB Infection (LTBI).   People with TB disease are sick from active M. tuberculosis organisms in their body.  People with Latent TB Infection (LTBI) have the TB organism in their body, but are not sick because the germ is lying inactive in their body.   However, these people may develop TB disease in the future if their immune system is weakened and persons with LTBI often receive antibiotic treatment to reduce the likelihood of progressing to TB disease.
     
    To access the entire article, click here
     
  • Sputum Collection Poster  Trends
CDC Cooperative Agreement
The Nevada Division of Public and Behavioral Health TB Elimination Program is supported in part by a continuing competitive grant (FY05-FY09 No. 5U52PS907855) from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The mission of the Division of Tuberculosis Elimination (DTBE) is to promote health and quality of life by preventing, controlling, and eventually eliminating tuberculosis from the United States, and by collaborating with other countries and international partners in controlling tuberculosis world-wide.

Funds are available to assist the current efforts of State and local TB programs to address the core TB prevention and control activities (i.e., completion of therapy, contact investigation, TB surveillance, TB public health laboratory, human resource development, and program evaluation).

The funding formula (below) will be utilized to calculate the distribution of funds for the new funding cycle beginning FY2010. The actual numbers will be derived from the averaged TB data reported to the CDC for Calendar years 2004-2008:

  • Incident cases – 30%
  • U.S. –borne minorities and foreign-born persons – 35%
  • Persons with smear or culture-positive pulmonary TB -15%
  • Persons coinfected with HIV – 5%
  • Persons with MDR TB – 5%
  • Substance abusers – 5%
  • Homeless – 5%

TB programs funded through cooperative agreements are expected to report on their progress toward achieving all national TB program objective categories.   Links

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Nevada Division of Public and Behavioral Health
4150 Technology Way
Carson City NV 89706-2009
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8 am - 5 pm

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